Jackie King - Senior Associate

(Jackie)

Jackie King Firm: Water Matters

Address: P.O. Box 209,Constantia 7848, South Africa

Telephone:  +27 (0)21-129559
Mobile:        +27 (0)83-3929905

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Year of birth: 1945

Citizenship: South African/British

Languages: English (first language)

Profession: Aquatic Ecologist and Integrated Environmental Flow Practitioner.

 

EDUCATION
1983: PhD. - University of Cape Town, South Africa
1974: B.Sc. Hons. (Zoology) - University of Cape Town, South Africa
1973: BSc (Zoology and Biochemistry) - University of Cape Town, South Africa

EXPERIENCE
Jackie has been Project Leader and senior scientist, or similar, for over a hundred projects involving multidisciplinary teams bringing together the ecological, social and economic aspects of water-resource development. All of these have involved dams and there has been an overwhelming focus on managing downstream flow regimes. She has have written book chapters, scientific papers or similar on sustainable use of inland waters for the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the South African Government, IUCN, WWF and a global array of other relevant organisations, and served as keynote or invited speaker at more than 30 international conferences on this topic. In recent years she has added the focus of re-writing the scientific knowledge gleaned in these projects into user-friendly, accessible language for stakeholders and decision makers.

2014-present: University of Western Cape
2000-present: Water Matters
1995-2000: Southern Water Ecological Research and Consulting
1975-2008: University of Cape Town

PRESENT OCCUPATION
Since 2009, consulting on environmental flows and other related river basin issues as owner of the consultancy Water Matters.Based in Cape Town, South Africa.

PREVIOUS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH POSTS

1975-1976
Scientific Officer: Full-time researcher in the Percy Fitzpatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

1983-1989
Senior Scientific Officer: Part-time researcher in the Freshwater Research Unit, University of Cape Town on research projects funded by the South African National Foundation for Research Development:
• Co-project leader and senior researcher: Langriver Catchment Study (1984-1987). Awarded by the SA Foundation for Research Development.
• Co-project leader and senior researcher. Inventory and classification of wetlands (1988-1989). Awarded by the SA Water Research Commission. Value R147 480
• Co-project leader and senior researcher. Minimum flow requirements for South African rivers (1989). Awarded by the SA Water Research Commission. Value R19 200.

1990-2009
Principal Scientific Officer, later Principal Research Officer, in the Freshwater Research Unit, University of Cape Town. The main research projects, funded by the South African Water Research Commission, and others where indicated, were:
• Project leader and senior researcher: Assessment of the instream flow requirements for South African rivers (1990-1992). Value R454 476.
• Grant holder and project leader: A national classification of South African rivers. Funded by the Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism (1990-1994). Value R395 000.
• Grant holder and project leader: The effects of trout farms on riverine ecosystems. Funded by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) (1992-1995). Value R184 639.
• Project leader and senior researcher: Effects of different magnitude flows on riverine ecosystems (1993-1995). Value R954 600.
• Co-project leader Water quality requirements of riverine biotas. 1994-1997.
• Grant holder, project leader and senior researcher: Linking abiotic and biotic data on South African rivers (1996-1999). Value R1 000 000.
• Grant holder, project leader and senior researcher: Technology transfer of the Building Block Methodology for instream flow assessments (1997-1999).
• Grant holder, project leader and senior researcher: Development of DRIFT, a second generation methodology for environmental flow assessments (2000-2002).
• Grant holder, joint project leader and senior researcher: Ecological and geomorphological principles for river rehabilitation (2000-2002). Value R1 261 100.
• Grant holder and project leader: Pilot study to ascertain how large fish species utilize a whole river system and the implications for dam placement, operation and design (2002-2003). Value R48 356.
• Grant holder and co-project leader: The nature of catchment and river signatures, the effect on these of disturbances, and the management implications (2002-2004). Value R478 000.
• Grant holder and project leader: Tracking movement of large fish species through a river system: method development and links with flow and reproduction (2003-2004). Value R200 000.
• Grant holder and project leader: The nature and rehabilitation of alien-invaded riparian zones (2003-2006). Value R1 000 000.
• Grant holder and project leader: Habitat, use and movement of three endangered red-listed fish species endemic to a South African river in a biodiversity hotspot (2004-2007). Value R688 000.
• External Advisor: Environmental water allocations for ephemeral rivers. University of the Free State. (2004-7).
• Grant holder and project leader: Study of age &growth of 0+sawfin Barbus serra (2007-2008). Value R193 500
• Grant holder and project leader: The relationship between periphyton, flow and nutrient status in Western Cape foothill rivers and the implications for management (2007-2010). Value R1 000 000.
• Grant holder and project leader: Situation Assessment of the South African Ecological and Basic Human Needs Water Reserve: an audit of part of the 1998 Water Act. (2008-9). Value R1 000 000.

AWARDS AND OTHER RECOGNITIONS

1971: Class Medal, B.Sc. Zoology 1st year course
1974: UCT’s Purcell Prize for best dissertation on any Zoological subject
1995: Best Paper: Queensland Hydrology Symposium, Australia
1996: Silver Medal of the Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists (for work on environmental flows)
2003: National Women in Water Award from the South African Government, in the senior scientific research category (for work on environmental flows)
2016: Gold Medal of the Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists (for lifetime outstanding contribution to water science and management)
2016: 2016 recipient of WWF-SA’s Living Planet Award.
2018: Elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS). Now serving on the Academy’s global project ‘Water security in a changing climate’.

MAIN RESEARCH ACHIEVEMENTS

• Lead developer of the Building Block Methodology (BBM), an holistic method for assessing the environmental flow requirements for regulated rivers. Development through application in real water-resource projects on the following southern African rivers: Lephalala, Berg, Olifants (W. Cape), Olifants (Transvaal), Letaba, Luvuvhu, Komati, Senqu (Lesotho), Mooi, Tugela, Mogalakwen, Koukoedoe, Sabie. In liaison with the SA national Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. 1991-1996. The development and use of the BBM in South African water-resource projects led directly to the inclusion of environmental protection (the ecological Reserve of water for ecosystem maintenance) in the country’s 1998 Water Act. This Act was globally seen as one of the most advanced in the world.
• Co-developer of DRIFT, a scenario-based methodology for environmental flow assessments 1997-2002. DRIFT has a strong socio-economic component for predicting the impacts of changing rivers on rural subsistence users of river resources. It is commonly seen as the most structured, detailed and technically advanced of the environmental flow methodologies, and is now felt to be a step up from the holistic methods as it centres on ecosystem modelling to predict river and social change linked to water management proposals. It is increasingly being applied in developing countries in Africa and Asia. Endorsed by the World Bank, IUCN, FAO, IWMI, UNDP as international good practice. Approved by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague as “an appropriate tool for estimating potential change in the downstream environment” in tranboundary conflicts of the magnitude and complexity of the one under their consideration.

 CURRENT RESEARCH FIELDS AND EXPERTISE

• Integrated basin flow management: environmental flow assessments and their use in basin planning of water resources
• Ecological functioning and management of whole river systems
• River rehabilitation, including flow restoration
• Ecology of aquatic invertebrates and their use as bio-indicators
• Aquatic biomonitoring
• Wetlands: inventory, classification, biodiversity and management

INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

1989: Prof. J. A. Gore, University of Tulsa, U.S.A., visited as Fulbright Scholar for six months collaborative research on environmental flow assessments.
1991: Member of 12-person tour of Australia by senior South African water scientists and managers to establish working links. Funded by the Water Research Commission and the Foundation for Research Development.
1992: Dr R. Milhous, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Colorado, U.S.A., and one of the authors of the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology, visited for six week work trip on environmental flow assessments. Funded by the South African Water Research Commission.
1994: Co-organiser of the joint South African/Australian Workshop on River Classification and Environmental Health Indicators. Attended by visiting group of 12 top Australian river scientists and managers. Funded in South Africa by the Foundation for Research Development and the Water Research Commission.
1995: Prof. A. Arthington, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, visited under funds awarded jointly to us by the Australian Land and Water Resources Research and Development Corporation. For collaborative research on environmental flow assessments.
1995: Member of the South African team at the first formal research and management meeting between South African river scientists and representatives of Mozambique on the topic of shared rivers.
1995: Co-organiser and group leader of the workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Senqu River, Lesotho.
1996: Joint recipient of Australian research funds, with Prof. A. Arthington of Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, to introduce the Building Block Methodology (BBM) to Australia. Helped organise and then ran the workshop where BBM was applied to the Logan River, Queensland.
1997: Invited participant in international workshop on river biomonitoring. Oxford University. Funded by Environment Agency (U.K.) and the Land and Water Resources Research and Development Corporation (Australia).
1999: Collaborative research with Prof. M. Newson, University of Newcastle, on developing geomorphological and ecological principles for river rehabilitation.
2002-08: Leading research teams in SE Asia and Tanzania on flow studies of the Mekong River and Pangani River respectively.
2008-10: Leading research teams in Angola, Namibia and Botswana on flow studies of the Okavango River system.

MINOR RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

From 1976 to 1997 contributed at numerous workshops and courses on rivers and wetlands in southern Africa. These include (list not exhaustive):

1976: Leader, Workshop on secondary productivity: Combined Marine Freshwater Congress, University of Port Elizabeth.
1983: Lecturer at Extra-Mural Course at the University of Cape Town on the Western Cape Environment.
1984: Participant at workshop on Limnological Criteria for the Management of Water Quality in the Inland Waters of the Southern Hemisphere. Funded by the Foundation for Research Development (FRD).
1984: Reviewer of Poster Session. International Symposium on Southern Hemisphere Limnology. Wilderness.
1987: Group Leader at FRD-funded National Workshop on Minimum Flow Requirements of Rivers. Pretoria.
1987: Participant in FRD-funded workshop on National River Classification.
1990: Co-organiser & Co-Convener, Technology Transfer Workshop for the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology, Kruger National Park.
1990: Participant in Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) funded workshop on the Water Quality Requirements of Kruger National Park Rivers.
1990: Participant in DWAF-funded workshop on the Water Quantity Requirements of the Nylsvlei floodplain.
1992: Appointed as consultant by DWAF to advise on the instream flow requirements of the Lephalala River. This heralded the beginning of development of the Building Block Methodology (BBM). Development was to continue through the 1990s, in a series of workshops for other rivers for which water-resource projects were planned.
1992: Co-organiser and group leader of the DWAF-funded workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Berg River.
1993: Co-organiser, specialist contributor and group leader of the DWAF-funded workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Olifants River.
1993: Co-organiser and group leader of the DWAF-funded workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Olifants-Sand River.
1993: Kruger National Park Rivers research Programme Decision Support System workshop. Skukuza.
1993: Contributor at WRC-funded Low-flow Hydrology workshop. Pretoria.
1993: Completed course Hydrology for ecologists run by T. McMahon and B. Finlayson (University of Melbourne). Grahamstown.
1993: Organised and co-ran workshop Toward a methodology for instream flow assessments of South African rivers at the annual congress of the South African Society of Aquatic Scientists
1994: Co-organiser and group leader of the DWAF-funded workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Letaba River.
1994: Co-organiser and group leader of the DWAF-funded workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Luvuvhu River.
1994: Co-organiser and group leader of the DWAF-funded workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Komati/Lomati River.
1994: Specialist contributor to DWAF-funded one-day workshop The hydrological data needed for instream flow workshops.
1994: Contributor to discussion document Assessment of the instream flow requirements of South African rivers presented by W. Rowlston, DWAF, at the Congress of the International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD). Durban.
1994: Scientific advisor at the DWAF-funded scenario meeting for the Olifants-Sand water-resource scheme.
1995: Invited to represent ecologists at a 2-day workshop organised by the Water Research Commission “The interrelationship between soil erosion, sediment transport and the living environment”, addressing the topic of the impacts of catchment erosion on riverine ecosystems. Pretoria.
1995: Co-organiser, chair and group leader of the workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Koekedouw River. This was the first privately funded environmental flow workshop run entirely outside DWAF.
1995: Scientific advisor at the scenario meeting for the Koekedouw River water-resource scheme.
1995: Scientific advisor at the scenario meeting for the Luvuvhu River water-resource scheme.
1995: Talk on environmental flow assessments to staff and post-graduates of the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Stellenbosch.
1995: Co-organiser and group leader of the workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Mooi River.
1995: Co-organiser and group leader of the workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Senqu River system, Lesotho. This marked the first application of the Building Block Methodology outside South Africa.
1995: Co-organiser and group leader of the workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Tugela River.
1995: Specialist input at DWAF-funded workshop on development of the BBM through to the Feasibility phase of water-resource developments.
1995: Specialist input at DWAF-funded workshop on development of a monitoring protocol for rivers receiving an environmental flow release from dams.
1996: Co-organiser and group leader of the workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Mogalakwena River.
1996: Initiator and organiser of a one-day WRC-funded workshop The need for instream flow assessments and how to meet this need.
1996: Co-organiser and group leader of the workshop on the instream flow requirements of the Sabie River. This marked the formal link up of the specialists developing the BBM with the Kruger National Park Rivers Research Programme.

TEACHING

Mid 1990s to 2010: Third-year undergraduate course on inland water ecosystems; modules on hydrology, hydraulics, fluvial geomorphology, environmental flow assessment, integrated flow management.
2003 -2004: Created, organised and lectured the Environmental Flows module in the SADC (Southern African Development Community) WATERNET taught MSc course on Integrated Water Resource Management.
2005: University of Cape Town Summer School, one of five lectures in the course ‘Cape Town’s water – how high a price to pay?’
2005 -2012: Organiser and teacher of the Freshwater Ecosystems module in the University of Cape Town MSc course in Conservation Biology

 POST-GRADUATE SUPERVISION

• Anthony Emery. (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): A preliminary study into the effect of spates on the species composition and abundance of benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages on rocks in two biotopes in a Cape mountain stream. 1994.
• Paddy Kuun (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): Relative impacts of flow manipulations, bulldozing and agricultural pollutants on biodiversity of aquatic invertebrates in the Olifants River system. 1994.
• Melissa Stander (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): The microhabitat and life history of Acentrella capensis in a southe-western Cape stream. 1989.
• Jacques Hollands (engineering Masters degree at University of Stellenbosch): An investigation of the relationship between critical low flows and hydrological indices in south-western Cape rivers. 1996.
• Richard Simpson (engineering Masters degree at University of Stellenbosch): Critical hydraulic conditions for the mobilization of sediments in a Cape river. 1997.
• R.R. Canto (B. eng. degree at the University of Stellenbosch): Channel maintenance flows for pristine Western Cape rivers. 1997.
• Jennifer Botha (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): Identifying hydraulic biotopes 1997. in a mountain stream using the community structure of benthic macroinvertebrates.
• A.P. Zeeman (4th year engineering project at University of Stellenbosch): Investigation of the depth-discharge relations of Western Cape cobble-bed streams. 1997.
• Cate Brown (PhD, University of Cape Town): Modelling and managing the effects of trout farms on Cape rivers. 1997.
• E.G. Nurcombe-Thorne (4th year engineering project at University of Stellenbosch): Development of techniques for analysis of fresh flows in south-western Cape rivers. 1998.
• Tyler Bain (B. eng. degree at the University of Stellenbosch): Field determination of depth-discharge relationships applicable to fresh flows in selected Western Cape cobble-bed streams. 1998.
• Bruce Paxton (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): Microhabitat suitability curves derived for the mayfly larvae (Ephemeroptera)of a south-western Cape foothill river. 2000.
• Darragh Woodford (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): Preliminary investigation into the impact of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) on the indigenous fishes of the upper Berg River, South Africa. 2002.
• David Christie (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): The distribution and population status of Cape whitefish Barbus andrewi in the upper Hex River, Worcester, and the associated impact of smallmouth bass Micropterous dolomieui. 2002.
• Jeremy Shelton (BSc (Hons.) project at University of Cape Town): Aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Silvermine River. 2003.
• Rebecca Tharme (PhD at University of Cape Town): Ecologically relevant low flows for riverine benthic macroinvertebrates: characterization and implications for environmental flow assessment. Graduated about 2010.
• Denise Schael (PhD at University of Cape Town): Distributions of physical habitats and benthic invertebrates in Cape headwater streams at multiple temporal and spatial scales. Graduated 2006.
• Geordie Ractliffe (PhD at University of Cape Town): Disturbance and persistence: what drives macroinvertebrate community structure in a Wetsern Cape river? Graduated 2009.
• Karl Reinecke (MSc. at the University of Cape Town): Natural recovery of native vegetation along the Silvermine River after fire and clearing of alien vegetation. Graduated 2008.
• Gareth Mann. 2005. (BSc. Hons. at the University of Cape Town). Rehabilitation of the Silvermine River: tracking habitat and invertebrate community status four years after fire and alien clearance. Graduated 2005
• James Puttick 2006 (BSc. Hons at the University of Cape Town). Influence of habitat on the co-existence of largemouth bass and indigenous fish species in the Driehoeks River, Western Cape, South Africa. Graduated 2006.
• Jonathan Aronson. 2007. (BSc. Hons at the University of Cape Town). Is the Hout Bay River a typical Western Cape river? Graduated 2007.
• Bruce Paxton. (PhD at the University of Cape Town). Multi-scale habitat use and recruitment of two endangered cyprinids in a Western Cape river system. Graduated 2009.
• Justine Ewart-Smith. (PhD at the University of Cape Town) The relationship between periphyton, flow and nutrient status in south-western Cape foothill rivers. Graduated 2012.
• Karl Reinecke. (PhD at the University of Stellenbosch) Linking river flow to riparian vegetation zones. Graduated 2013.

ADVISORY AND EXECUTIVE POSITIONS AND MEMBERSHIPS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES

ADVISORY APPOINTMENTS

International

2001 to 2004: Advisor on Environmental Flows to the World Bank. Team Leader of an international advisory group to act as a resource for World Bank Task Managers. Funded by the Bank-Netherlands Water Partnership Program.
2001: Appointed by IUCN to a 13-person Task Force to define IUCN’s response to the World Commission on Dams final report Dams and Development; to assist the IUCN Secretariat in preparing an IUCN position statement; and to advise on follow-up activities.
2001: Appointed by the International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) to a small Working Group to aid planning of ICLARM’s programme development in Africa and West Asia.
2001 -2003: World Bank appointment to introduce the concept of Environmental Flow Management of rivers to the four riparian countries of the lower Mekong River (Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam).
2002-2004: Lead Consultant on Environmental Flows. Zimbabwe/Mozambique Basin Study of the Pungwe River. Funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
2002-2003: World Bank Team member developing capacity on Environmental Flows in Tanzania.
2003-2007: Member of the UNEP Dams and Development Independent Forum, representing the international ecological research community.
2004- 2007: Technical Advisor on Integrated Basin Flow Management to the Mekong River Commission (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam)
2005- 2010: Advisor to an IWMI-funded project on the Blue Nile, Ethiopia, ‘Improving planning of large dam operation: using decision support systems to optimise livelihood benefits, safeguard health and protect the environment’
2005: Advisor and workshop facilitator for a U.K. project to define the flow needs for the rivers of the United Kingdom.
2007: Advisor to the Harry Oppenheimer Okavango Research Centre, Botswana on Integrated Flow Assessments for the Okavango Delta
2009: UNEP-appointed specialist advisor to a conference on Strengthening Transboundary Freshwater Governance for African, Asian and Latin American ministers. Bangkok, May 2009.
2010: Appointed to the Board of Advisors. International Crane Foundation.
2010: Appointed by the Pakistan Joint Indus River Commission to review the Environmental Impact Assessment of the Kishenganga Dam in Indian-controlled Kashmir on the Neelum River in Pakistan.
2011: Appointed by the Pakistan Joint Indus River Commission to help prepare the environmental documents on the Kishenganga Dam/Neelum River dispute for the International Court of Arbitration.
2012: Appointed by WWF to create a process to develop and implerment Environmental Flows for the Zambezi River Basin.
2012: Expert witness providing testimony at the International Court of Arbitration, The Hague, in the dispute between Pakistan and India regarding the Kishenganga Dam
2017: Senior Advisor to the International Crane Foundation – ongoing.

National

1984-1987: National Working Group for River Research. Foundation for Research Development, CSIR, Pretoria.
1990-1995: Member, Fernkloof Advisory Board. A Provincial Government appointment.
1990-: Water Research Commission: member of the following steering committees:
• Classification and hydrological modelling of low flows in southern Africa (1994-1996).
• A geomorphological classification system for South African river systems (1993-1996).
• Problem blooms of macro-algae (1995-1996).
• A pre-impoundment study of the Sabie-Sand river system (1991-1996).
• Ecological impacts of inter-basin water transfer schemes (1995-1999).
• Geomorphological research for conservation and management of South African rivers (1997-2000).
• Problem blooms of macro-algae: causal factors, seasonality of recruitment and growth, and efficiency of control methods (1995-1996).
• Biological control agents for the troublesome alga Cladophera glomerata (1997-2000).
• Rule-based modelling for management of riparian systems (1997-2000).
• Water quality and aquatic faunal studies in the Umzimvubu catchment, Eastern Cape, with particular emphasis on species as indicators of environmental change (1997-1999).
• Modelling abiotic-biotic links in the Sabie River (1997).
• Geomorphological change models for the Sabie River in the Kruger National Park (1998).
• The aquatic invertebrates of South Africa – identification keys (1998-2004).
• Hydraulic characteristics of ecological flow requirement components in winter rainfall areas (1998-2001).
• Development of numerical methods for assessing water quality in rivers, with particular reference to the Instream Flow Requirement process (1998- 2000)
• Integrated modelling system for predicting the impacts of changes in water quantity and quality brought about by upstream development (1999).
• The prediction of flow modification effects in the rivers of the Kruger National Park (1999).
• The development of a programme for water quality research and technology transfer in the rivers flowing through the Kruger National Park (1999).
• Development of a computer-based decision-support system for quantifying the components of the ecological Reserve. 2000-2003.
• Methods to quantify water-quality aspects of an ecological Reserve assessment and their dissemination via a decision-support system and associated manuals. 2000-2003.
• A consultative project to contextualize and plan for a river rehabilitation programme for South Africa. 2002-2004.
1995: Water Research Commission: steering committee to organise a southern African workshop on soil erosion, sediment transport and the living environment.
1993-1996: Member of the Kruger National Park Rivers Research Programme, Development and Management Committee, representing ‘the rest of the country’. 1993-1996.
1999-2001: Member of a DWAF-appointed Regional Water Strategy Technical Committee to advise the DWAF Director of the Western Cape Region on strategies and forward planning for the region.
2010-2013: Appointed by the South African Minister of Water Affairs as an inaugural member of the 15-person Nation Water Advisory Committee.
2017: Member of the Board of Directors, WWF-South Africa.
Member of the Research Advisory Panel, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

 EXECUTIVE POSITIONS

International

1999-: Member of the International Ecohydraulics Committee, a Section Committee of the International Asssociation for Hydraulic Research (IAHR).
2002: Chair, Organising Committee and Scientific Committee, International Conference Environmental Flows for River Systems, incorporating the Fourth International Ecohydraulics Symposium. Cape Town, March 2002.
2002: Appointment to the nine-person international Council Nominating Committee of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research.
2006: Co-organiser of an international working conference Enhancing equitable livelihood benefits of dams using decision support systems. Nazreth, Ethiopia, January 2006.
2009: Co-organiser of the third international conference on Environmental Flows: Implementing environmental water allocations: promoting the sustainable use of rivers, wetlands, estuaries and groundwater. Port Elizabeth, South Africa, February 2009.
2016: National Geographic: Member of Advisory Council, Okavango Wilderness Project
2017: Senior Scientific Advisor to the International Crane Foundation

National

1987: Local organising committee, Annual Conference of the Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists
1992: Local organising committee, Annual Conference of the Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists
1990-1994: National secretary and treasurer, South African Institute for Ecologists
1991-1995: Member of Executive and Regional Representative, Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists
1997 -1999: Regional Representative, Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists
2017: Member of Board of Directors, WWF-South Africa
Member of CSIR’s Research Advisory Panel

CONSULTANCIES

International

1997-1999: Project Director of the three-year, multi-million dollar contract for advising on environmental flows for river courses downstream of Lesotho Highland Water Projects dams. This project, employing 27 river scientists, social and health specialists and economists, resulted in the development and application of DRIFT, a new, scenario-based approach for flow assessments, that included a strong socio-economic component. Client: Lesotho Highland Development Authority.
1999: First author of thematic report on the Definition and Implementation of Environmental Flows. Client: World Commission on Dams.
1999: Report on Environmental Flow Assessments and Requirements. Co-author of Chapter 3 of a book on Water Resource Management in Southern Africa: Enhancing Environmental Sustainability. Client: Southern African Development Community and World Bank.
1999: First or second author of two comprehensive Technical Briefing Notes on environmental flows. Client: World Bank.
2001: Led trial application of a rapid DRIFT approach to environmental flow assessments in Zimbabwe (pungwe, Odzi and Shashe Rivers). Client: UK Department of International Development, via a contract to Mott MacDonald, UK.
2001: Ecological advisor on a project to develop a global water poverty index. Client: The British Department for International Development, via an award to the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, U.K
2002: Consultant to the Lesotho Highlands Water Commission (combined Lesotho and South African authority) on the decision-making process and development of environmental policy for the rivers of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project.
2002: Reviewer of Queensland River Health Management Strategies. Client: Queensland Government, Australia.
2002: Review of the Report of the Expert Reference Panel on the Environmental Flows and Water Quality Requirements for the River Murray-Darling. Client: Murray-Darling Basin Commission, Canberra, Australia.
2003: One of seven authors of Environmental flows: the essentials. This is an introductory guide to environmental flows for countries wishing to start to use the approach in water-resource management. Client : IUCN.
2002: Lead author of five case studies of environmental flow applications in developing countries. Client: IUCN.
2004-2011: Project leader and senior advisor to an IUCN-funded project on environmental water allocations for the Pangani Basin, northern Tanzania.
2008: Consultant ecologist on a World Bank multi-sectoral analysis of the Zambezi Basin. Client BRI.
2008 - 2010: Project Leader for an FAO-GEF-funded Environmental Flow Assessment of the Okavango River system, with capacity building in Botswana, Namibia and Angola. Clients: UN-FAO and BIOKAVANGO.
2009-2014: Appointed by the Government of Pakistan to lead an environmental flow assessment for the Kishenganga Dam in India on the Neelum River in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir.
2010: Consultant ecologist on a GTZ-funded project ‘Dam synchronisation and flood releases in the Zambezi River Basin’.
2012-2015: Appointed by the Government of Pakistan to lead an environmental flow assessment for the Neelum-Jhelum hydropower Dam on the Neelum River in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir.
2013-2014: Scientific advisor to a communication project on the findings of the Okavango EFlows project: Developmjent of communication materials on TDA findings and SAP process. Client OKACOM.
2013: Lead consultant on establishing preliminary environmental flows for the Kafue Basin, Zambia. Used in water-resource planning for climate change. Funded by GFA Consulting Group, Germany.
2013-2014: Reviewer and overview consultant for an environmental flow assessment for the Gulpur Dam, Poonch River, Pakistan.
2013: Freshwater and river basin specialist in a pre-feasibility study into the augmentation of water supply to the central area of Namibia and the Cuvelai. For the Namibian Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry.
2014: Invited lead author of chapter in book on Sustainable Hydropower in Asia for the Asian Development Bank.
2014-2015: Scientific advisor to a communication project “Development of Knowledge Management Products for the SADC GIZ Project on Mainstreaming Climate change”. Client SADC.
2015: Advisor to WWF on an integrated flow management plan for the Zambezi Basin.
2015: Lead consultant for WWF on EFlows for two major tributaries of the Zambezi River system: the Kafue Flats and Luangwa River.
2015: One of four authors of Good Practice Note for World Bank project managers on managing downstream flows of hydropower dams.
2016: Lead ecologist on World Bank funded Multi-sectoral Investment Opportunities Analysis for the Okavango Basin.
2017: Ecological Lead on an EU-funded project “Technical assistance for the programme for transboundary water management in the Cubango-Okavango River Basin.
2018: Development of the Luangwa Basin Configuration Model and User Manual (WWF-Zambia)
2018: Rapid EFlows Assessment for the Lower Kafue Sub-Catchment (GIZ, Zambia)

National

1987: Siting of the new N1 Freeway through Du Toit's Kloof: impacts upon rivers. Client: Hill, Kaplan, Scott & Partners, Consulting Engineers, Cape Town.
1987: The Agulhas vleis: siting of the proposed nuclear power station. Client: ESCOM.
1988: The Blinde River: an assessment of the likely effects of discharging waste waters from the planned Mossel Bay Oil Refinery. Client: Hill, Kaplan, Scott, Durban.
1988: The Agulhas wetlands: second site-specific assessment of proposed sites for new nuclear power plant. Client: ESCOM.
1988: The Gouriqua wetlands: their conservation status. Client: Atomic Energy Corporation.
1989: Assessments of the likely effects of discharging treated sewage effluent into Hermanus Lagoon. Client: Hermanus Muncipality.
1991: Investigation of the impact of the proposed road on the lower reaches of the Silvermine River and on wetlands in proximity to the road. Specialist report for the Environmental Impact Assessment of the Fish Hoek bypass road. Client: Hill, Kaplan, Scott, Consulting Engineers.
1995: Design phase of a national aquatic ecosystem biomonitoring programme. Client: Institute of Water Quality Studies, DWAF.
1995: Bulk water estimate of the environmental flow requirements for the Molenaars River. Client: Ninham Shand Engineers.
1995: Inventory and status assessment of wetlands at Rein’s nature reserve. Client: Dennis Moss and Associates.
1995: Refinement of the instream flow assessment for the Berg River. Client: Ninham Shand Engineers.
1991-1997: Member of Environmental Management Team, with special responsibility for protection of the Molenaars River, during contruction of the new N1 freeway through Dutoit’s Kloof. Client: National Department of Transport.
1995-1996: Overview consultant on the design phase of a national biomonitoring network for South African inland waters. Client: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (Institute of Water Quality Studies).
1996: Principal researcher for and author of the discussion paper Quantifying the amount of water required for maintenance of aquatic ecosystems, for the national Water Law review. Client: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
1996: Facilitator at the National Consultation Planning Meeting for a national biomonitoring network for South African inland waters. Client: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (Institute of Water Quality Studies).
1996: Consultant at workshop to develop a conceptual IFR algorithm for water-resource models. Client: BKS Inc. Engineers and Project Managers.
1997: Scientific advisor on the implementation phase of a national biomonitoring network for South African inland waters. Client: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (Institute of Water Quality Studies.
1996: Bulk water estimate of the enviromental flow requirements for the Malibamatso River, Lesotho. Client: Lesotho Highlands Development Authority.
1996: Bulk water estimate of the enviromental flow requirements for the Nkomati River. Client: Steffen, Robertson and Kirsten Inc.
1997: The Hout Bay River - development of housing complex in lower reaches. Client: Plan Trust Developments.
1997: The Olifants-Doring Basin study. Client: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
1997-1998: The Palmiet River instream flow requirements. Client: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
2001: Olifants River Fish Survey. Client: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
2007-2008: Joint editor of a multi-authored Water Research Commission Technical Report: South African Handbook on Environmental Hydraulics
2008-2011: Situation Assessment of the South African Reserve of water for Basic Human Needs and ecological maintenance of inland aquatic ecosystems. Clients: South African Department of Water Affairs, WWF and the South African Water Research Commission.

INVITED AND KEYNOTE ADDRESSES AND LECTURES

1995: Invited speaker at a workshop on Environmental Flow Assessment Techniques run by the Australian National Rivers Health Programme.
1995: Invited speaker at a Decision Support System workshop run by the Murray-Darling Basin Commission.
1998: Invited to Taiwan to deliver a lecture and discussion series on Sustainable use of rivers. Funded by the Taiwan Provincial Government Water Resources Department.
1999: Invited to Portugal to run a workshop on Environmental flows for semi-arid regions: assessment methods, issues and pre-requisites for implementation. Funded by the Ministerio do Ambiente, Instituto da Agua, Lisbon.
1999: Invited to the World Bank, Washington, USA to give a presentation on the Lesotho environmental flow project. Funded by the World Bank.
1999: Invited by SANCIAHS to give a keynote address Sustainable use of aquatic ecosystems: maintaining the science-management link at the Ninth South African Hydrology Symposium. Stellenbosch, South Africa.
2000: Invited by the World Bank, Washington, USA as one of four international presenters at the environmental flows session at the Bank’s Water Week.
2000: Invited paper The Lesotho Highlands Water Project at the Third International River Management Symposium, Brisbane, Australia.
2001: Invited to the World Bank Water Week, Washington, USA to give a presentation on environmental flows for the Bank-Netherlands Environmental Flow “Window” program.
2001: Invited by the International Association for Hydrological Studies to present a paper Hydrological data needs for the study and management of river ecosystems. Sixth Scientific Assembly, Maastricht, Netherlands.
2001: Invited to organise, act as moderator and present at a mini-symposium South Africa – integrating policy, environmental flow assessment and ecosystem management at the National North American Conference “Managing River Flows for Biodiversity”. Fort Collins, USA.
2002: Invited to give a lecture Dams and environmental flows at a three-day course on “Dam design and rehabilitation” run by the South African branch of ICOLD (International Commission on Large Dams).
2003: Keynote speaker at the 28th Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, Australia. Title: Environmental flows: hydrologically definable, ecologically vital.
2004: Invited Speaker at the Second International Symposium on Riverine Landscapes, Sweden. Title: Environmental Flows: striking the balance between development and resource protection.
2004: Keynote speaker at the Fifth International Ecohydraulics Symposium, Madrid. Title: Environmental flows for fluvial maintenance and conservation.
2005: Keynote Speaker at the 2005 International Symposium on Ecological Engineering and Hydro Science. Taipei, Taiwan. Title: Integrated flow management: the key to sustainable development.
2006: Invited to Costa Rica by the Institute of Tropical Studies to introduce the concept of integrated flow management: keynote speaker at a series of talks and workshops throughout Costa Rica
2006: Invited to Guatemala to run a workshop on methods for environmental flow assessments, together with TV and radio interviews and media briefings.
2006: Invited to Arizona to give keynote addresses and lead discussions at 1) high-levy water policy roundtable for the Arizona senate, 2) a public lecture, 3) a meeting with the Arizona State University’s Decision Center for a Desert City, 4) a TV interview on Arizona Illustrated and 5) a planning meeting with top scientists from the Colorado River/Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Centre.
2007: Invited speaker at the Annual Technical Meeting of the Mekong River Commission Environmental Programme. Drawing on global experience for development of the Mekong Method for Integrated Flow Assessments. Chiang Mai, Thailand. January 2007.
2007: Invited speaker, session organiser and chair for a special session on the Mekong River at the 10th River Symposium/International Conference on Environmental Flows. Brisbane, Australia. September 2007:. Predicting development-driven change for the Mekong River and its people.
2009: Keynote speaker at the third internation conference on environmental flows: Implementation of Environmental Water Allocations. Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Building blocks and flow seasons: steps toward integrated flow management.
2009: One of four resource persons at an UNEP-funded High-level Ministerial Conference on Strengthening Transboundary Freshwater Governance. Bangkok, Thailand.
2010: Invited keynote speaker at an international conference on large flood-pulse rivers. Integrated Flow Assessment: promoting sustainable use of the Okavango River system. February 2010.
2010: Invited keynote speaker at a special OKACOM session at an international conference on large flood-pulse rivers. Okavango TDA Integrated Flow Assessment: an aid to basin planning. February 2010.
2010: Invited speaker at a high-level government meeting of the Okavango Basin River Commission ‘From science to management: The Okavango Basin Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis as an aid to basin planning’. May 2010.
2010: Invited keynote speaker at SASAqS: Situation Assessment of South Africa’s Resource Directed Measures
2012: Invited keynote speaker at SASAqS: Sustainable use of South Africa’s inland waters:
a situation assessment of Resource Directed Measures
2013: Invited keynote speaker SASAqS: Pushing geographical and technical boundaries:
our evolution as aquatic scientists
more……..

PUBLICATIONS

BOOKS

KING, J.M., B.R. DAVIES & J.A. DAY. 1986. The way things were - rivers natural and not so natural. In: Davies, B.R. & Day, J.A. The biology and conservation of South Africa's vanishing waters. Wildlife Society/ University of Cape Town.
O'KEEFFE, J.H., B.R. DAVIES, J.M. KING & P.H. SKELTON. 1989. The conservation status of southern African rivers. In: Huntley, B. (ed.). Biotic diversity in southern Africa. Oxford University Press, Cape Town.
KING, J.M., F.C. DE MOOR & F.M. CHUTTER. 1991. Alternative ways of classifying rivers in southern Africa. In: Boon, P.J., Calow, P. & Petts, G.E. (eds). River conservation and management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
BROWN, C.A. and KING, J.M. 2002. Environmental flows: requirements and assessment. Chapter 5 (pages 111-134) in Hirji, R., Johnson, P., Maro, P. and Chiuta, T. (eds) Defining and mainstreaming environmental sustainability in water resources management. A technical report by the Southern African Development Community, and development partners World Bank, Sida, IUCN and SARDC.
WELCOMME, R. L.; BENE, C.; BROWN, C. A.; ARTHINGTON, A.; DUGAN, P.; KING, J. M.; SUGUNAN, V. 2006. Predicting the water requirements of river fisheries. In: Wetlands and Natural Resource Management, eds. J. T. A. Verhoeven; B. Beltman; R. Bobbink; D. F Whigham. Ecological Studies Vol. 190, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 123-154.
BROWN, C.A. and KING, J.M. 2010. Environmental Flows in Shared Watercourses: review of assessment methods and relevAnce in the TWM setting. In. Earle, A. et al. (eds) Transboundary water management: principles and practice. Earthscan. 224 pp.
KING, J.M. and BROWN, C.A. 2011. Inland water ecosystems. In: Grafton, Q. and K. Hussey (eds). Water and the Environment in Water Resources, Planning and Management: Challenges and Solutions. Cambridge University Press.
KING, J. and H. PIENAAR (eds) 2011. Sustainable use of South Africa’s inland waters: A situation assessment of Resource Directed Measures 12 years after the 1998 National Water Act. Water Research Commission Report No. TT 491/11. Water Research Commission, Pretoria. . ISBN 978-1-4312-0129-7. 259 pp.
KING, J.M. in review prior to going to press. Okavango River Basin. Chapter in book on Large Rivers of the World.
KING, JM and CA Brown. In press. Hydropower and the river. Chapter 7 in: Ed J Horberry. Sustainable hydropower in Asia. Asian Development Bank. Manila.
King, JM and Brown CA. 2018. Environmental flows, minimum flows and the mystery of ten percent. IN: Brink, K., P. Gough, P.P.Schollema & H.Wanningen (eds). From sea to source, Protection and restoring of fish migration in rivers worldwide.

 REFEREED SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS

KING, J.M. 1981. The distribution of invertebrate communities in a small South African river. Hydrobiologia 83: 43-65.
KING, J.M. 1983. The abundance, biomass and diversity of benthic macro-invertebrates in a western Cape river, South Africa. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 45: 11-34.
KING, J.M., J.A. DAY, B.R. DAVIES & M-P HENSHALL-HOWARD.1987. Particulate organic matter in a mountain stream in the south-western Cape, South Africa. Hydrobiologia 154: 165-187.
KING, J.M., M-P HENSHALL-HOWARD, J.A. DAY & B.R. DAVIES. 1987.Leaf-pack dynamics in a southern African mountain stream. Freshwater Biol. 18: 325-340.
KING, J.M., J.A. DAY, P.R. HURLY, M-P HENSHALL-HOWARD & B.R. DAVIES. 1989. Invertebrate communities and environment in a southern African mountain stream. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 45: 2168-2181.
GORE, J.A., J.M. KING & K.C.D. HAMMAN. 1991. Application of the instream flow incremental methodology to a southern African river. I. Protecting endemic fish of the Olifants River. Water S. Afr. 17: 225-236.
SILBERBAUER, M.J. & J.M. KING. 1991. The distribution of wetlands in the south-western Cape Province, South Africa. Sth. Afr. J. aquat. Sci. 17: 65-81.
SILBERBAUER, M.J. & J.M. KING. 1991. Geographical trends in water chemistry of wetlands in the s outh-western Cape Province, South Africa. Sth. Afr. J. aquat. Sci. 17: 82-88.
DAY, J.A. & J.M. KING. 1995. Geographical patterns in the dominance of major ions in the rivers of South Africa. S. Afr. J. Sci. 91:299-306
BROWN, C.A. & J.M. KING. 1995. The effects of trout-farm effluent on benthic invertebrate community structure in south-western Cape rivers. Sth. Afr. J. aquat. Sci.
CAMBRAY, J.A., J.M. KING & C. BRUWER. 1997. Spawning behaviour and early development of the Clanwilliam yellowfish (Barbus capensis) linked to experimental dam releases in the Olifants River, South Africa. Regul. Rivers: Res. Mgmt. 13: 579-602.
KING, J.M. & D. LOUW. 1998. Assessment of instream flow requirements for regulated rivers in South Africa using the Building Block Methodology. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 1:109-124.
KING, J.M., J.A. CAMBRAY & N.D. IMPSON. 1998. Linked effects of dam-released floods and water temperature on spawning of the Clanwilliam yellowfish Barbus capensis. Hydrobiologia 384: 245-265.
KING, J.M. C. A. BROWN & H. SABET. 2003. A scenario-based holistic approach for environmental flow assessments. Rivers Research and Applications 19, 5-6, 619-639.
KING, J.M. & BROWN, C.A. 2006. Environmental flows: striking the balance between development and resource protection. Ecology and Society 11(2): 26 (online).
BROWN, C.A. and KING, J.M. 2006. Implications of upstream water uses on downstream ecosystems and livelihoods. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 32(1): 99-108.
ARTHINGTON, A. H., BARAN, E., BROWN, C. A., DUGAN, P., HALLS A. S., KING, J. M., MINTE-VERA, C. V., THARME, R. E. and WELCOMME R. L. 2007. Water requirements of floodplain rivers and fisheries: existing decision support tools and pathways for development. Comprehensive Assessment Research Report 17. The Global Challenge Program for Water and Food. CGIAR, Sri Lanka.
KING, J.M. and McCARTNEY, M. 2007. Dams, ecosystems and livelihoods. Editorial to Special Issue Enhancing equitable livelihood benefits of dams using decision support systems of the Journal of River Basin Management 5(3).
ACREMAN, M., DUNBAR, M., HANNAFORD, J., MOUNTFORD, O., WOOD, P., HOLMES, N., COWX, I., NOBLE, R., EXTENCE, C., ALDRICK, J., KING, J., BLACK, A. and CROOKALL, D. 2008. Developing environmental standards for abstractions from UK rivers to implement the EU Water Framework Directive. Hydrological Sciences 53(6): 1105-1120.
KING, J.M. and BROWN, C.A. 2010. Integrated Basin Flow Assessments: concepts and method development in Africa and South-east Asia. Special Issue of Freshwater Biology 55(1):127-146.
CUMMING, G.S., PAXTON, M., KING, J. and BEUSTER, H. 2012. Foraging guild membership explains variation in waterbird responses to the hydrological regime of an arid-region flood-pulse river in Namibia. Freshwater Biology 57(6): 1202-1213.
KING JM, BEUSTER H., BROWN C, and JOUBERT AJ. 2014. Pro-active management: the role of Environmental Flows in transboundary cooperative planning for the Okavango River system. Hydrological Sciences Journal 59(3-4): 786-800.
ACREMAN,M.C., I.C. OVERTON, J. M. KING, P.J. WOOD, I.G.COWX, M.J.DUNBAR, E.KENDY AND W.J.YOUNG. 2014.The changing role of ecohydrological science in guiding environmental flows. Hydrological Sciences Journal 59(3-4): 433-450 
REINECKE, M.J., BROWN, C.A., ESLER K.J., KING, J.M.,KLEYNHANS, M.T and KIDD, M. 2015. Links between lateral vegetation zones and river flow. Wetlands. Published online 8 February 2015.
KING, J.M. and E. CHONGUIÇA. 2016. Integrated management of the Cubango-Okavango RiverBasin. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 16: 263–271
Brown, C., Zakaria, V., Joubert, A., Rafique, M, Murad, J., King, J.M., Hughes, J., Cardinale, P. and Alsonso, L.2018. Achieving an environmentally-sustainable outcome for the Gulpur Hydropower Project in the Poonch River Mahaseer National Park, Pakistan. Sustainable Water Resource Management. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40899-018-0227-7.
King JM. and Brown CA. 2018. Environmental Flow Assessments are not realising their potential as an aid to basin planning. Perspective article, Frontiers in Environmental Science. 24 October 2018. | https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2018.00113

King J.M. 2019. Review. Water for the environment: from policy and sciene to implementation and management. (Eds. A. Horne, J. Webb, M. Stewardson, B. Richter and M. Acreman. Acedemic Press, UK, 2017). Australian Journal of Water Resources.

 MAJOR SCIENTIFIC/TECHNICAL REPORTS

KING, J.M. & R.E. THARME. 1994. Assessment of the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology and initial development of alternative instream flow methodologies for South Africa. 590 pp. Water Research Commission, Pretoria. ISBN 1-86845-056-2.
EEKHOUT S., J.M. KING & A. WACKERNAGEL. 1997. Classification of South African rivers. Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism, Pretoria. Volume 1: 125 pp. ISBN: 0-621-27963-3. Volume 2: in press.
THARME, R.E. & J.M. KING. 1998. Development of the Building Block Methodology for instream flow assessments and supporting research on the effects of different magnitude flows on riverine biotas. Water Research Commission, Pretoria. WRC Report No 576/1/98. 452 pp.
KING, J.M., R.E. THARME & M. DE VILLIERS (eds.). 2000. Environmental flow assessments for rivers: manual for the Building Block Methodology. Water Research Commission Technology Transfer Report TT131/00, Pretoria, South Africa. 340 pp
KING, J.M. & SCHAEL, D.M. 2001. Assessing the ecological relevance of a spatially-nested geomorphological hierarchy for river management. Water Research Commission Technology Transfer Report 754/1/01, Pretoria, South Africa. 275 pp
ACREMAN, M and KING J. 2003. Defining water requirements. Chapter 2 (pages 11-30) in Dyson, M., Bergkamp, G. and Scanlon J. (eds). FLOW: the essentials of environmental flows. IUCN, Gland, .Switzerland and Cambridge.
KING, J. & ACREMAN, M. 2003. Building capacity for design and implementation. Chapter 7 (pages 99-111) in Dyson, M., Bergkamp, G. and Scanlon J. (eds). FLOW: the essentials of environmental flows. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge.
BROWN, C. and KING J. 2003. Water resources and environment technical note C.1. Environmental flows: concepts and methods. World Bank, Washington, USA. 28 pp.
KING, J. and BROWN, C. 2003. Water resources and environment technical note C.2. Environmental flows: case studies. World Bank, Washington, USA. 28 pp.
ARTHINGTON, A. H., BARAN, E., BROWN, C. A., DUGAN, P., HALLS, A.S., KING, J. M., MINTE-VERA, C.V., THARME, R. E. & WELCOMME, R. L. 2003. Water requirements of floodplain rivers and fisheries: existing decision-support tools and pathways for development. Review paper prepared for CGIAR Challenge Programme on Water and Food.
KING, J.M., SCHEEPERS, A.C.T., FISHER, R.C., REINECKE, M.K. & SMITH, L.B. 2003 River rehabilitation: literature review, case studies and emerging principles. Water Research Commission Report, Pretoria, South Africa.
KING, J.M., BROWN, C.A., PAXTON, B.R. & FEBRUARY, R.J. (2004). Development of DRIFT, a scenario-based holistic methodology for environmental flow. Water Research Commission Report 1159/1/04. Pretoria, South Africa. 159 pp.
KING, J.M. & DALLAS, H. on IUCN website. Case studies of environmental flow assessments and implementation: Lesotho Highlands Water Project; Senegal River; Lower Mekong River; Sabie River; Lower Indus River. IUCN publication, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge.
SCHAEL, D.M. and KING, J.M. 2005. Western Cape river and catchment signatures. Water Research Commission Report 1303/105. Pretoria, South Africa. 126 pp.
BROWN, CA, PEMBERTON, C., GREYLING A, and KING, JM. 2005. The DRIFT user manual. Water Research Commission Report 1404/1/05. Pretoria, South Africa. 105 pp.
REINECKE, M.K., KING, J.M., HOLMES, P.M., BLANCHARD, R AND MALAN H.L. 2007. The nature and invasion of riparian vegetation zones in the south-western Cape. Water Research Commission Report No. 1407/1/07. Pretoria, South Africa. 284 pp.
PAXTON, B and KING, J. 2009. The influence of hydraulics, hydrology and temperature on the distribution, habitat use and recruitment of the threatened cyprinids in a Western Cape river, South Africa. Water Research Commission Report 1483/1/09. Water Research Commission, Pretoria. Pp 170 + xxix.
JAMES, C.J. and KING, J.M. 2010. Ecohydraulics for South African rivers: a review and guide. Water Research Commission Report TT 453/10. Water Research Commission, Pretoria. Pp 264.
King, J.M. 2012. Establishing the process for developing and implementing environmental flows for the Zambezi Basin. WWF project number 9FO83801. 139 pp.
KING, J. 2014. Environmental Flow Assessment for the Luangwa River: preliminary basin delineation. WWF Zambia Report WWF/EFLOWSll/1/2014. 23 pp.
KING, J. and BROWN, C. 2014. Determination of ‘holding’ environmental flow requirements for the the Upper and Middle Kafue River. GIZ Water Sector Reform Programme: Integrating climate change in wter resources monitoring Report Nr GFA/B5/2013. GIZ, Germany. 93 pp.
Brown, CA, King JM, Hughes J and Zakaria V. 2018. Environmental Flows for hydropower projects: guidance for the private sector in emerging markets. World Bank Group Good Practice Handbook. 154 pp.

ARTICLES WITHOUT REFEREES

KING, J.M., J.A. DAY & D.W. VAN DER ZEL. 1979. Hydrology and hydrobiology. In: Fynbos ecology: a preliminary synthesis. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Rep. 40. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
HOWARD-WILLIAMS, C., W. ALEXANDER, J. BOSCH, E. BRAUNE, C. BRUWER, R. HART, J. KING, D. MITCHELL, K. ROGERS, D. SIMPSON, A. TWINCH & D. VAN WYK. 1984. Catchment management. In: Hart, R.C. & Allanson, B.R. (eds). Limnological criteria for management of water quality in the southern hemisphere. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Rep. 93. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
DAY, J.A., B.R. DAVIES & J.M. KING. 1986. Riverine ecosystems. In: O’Keeffe, J.H. (ed.). The conservation of South African rivers. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Rep. 131. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
BOSCH, J.M., D.J. ALLETSON, A.F. JACOT GUILLARMOD, J.M. KING & C.A. MOORE. 1986. River responses to catchment conditions. In: O’Keeffe, J.H. (ed.). The conservation of South African rivers. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Rep. 131. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
O'KEEFFE, J.H., P. ASHTON, P. BRINK, C. BRUWER, J. ENGELBRECHT, K. HAMMAN, J. KING, N. KLEYNHANS, R. PORTER, P. SKELTON & N. VAN LOGGERENBERG. 1987. A national classification system for rivers. Proceedings of a workshop on river classification, Lydenberg, Transvaal. In-house document, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. 1987. Inventory of south-western cape wetlands. In: Walmsley, R.D. & Botten, M.L. (compilers). Proceedings of a symposium on the ecology and conservation of wetlands in South Africa. Occ. Rep. Ser. 28. Ecosystems Programme, Foundation for Research Development, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
BEGG, G.W., M. BERJAK, A. HOWMAN, J.M. KING & S.E. PIPER. 1988. Wetland inventory techniques. A starter document for the National Wetland Inventory Workshop. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. (ed.). 1988. Hydrology and hydrobiology in the Fynbos biome. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Occ. Rep. 26. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
BOSCH, J.M. & J.M. KING. 1988. Riparian Management. pp 7-8. In: King, J.M. (ed.). Hydrology and hydrobiology in the Fynbos biome. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Occ. Rep. 26. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
KING, J.M., A.J.C. GARDINER & J.A. DAY. 1988. Zoobenthos, Zooplankton and phytoplanton. pp. 32-33. In: King, J.M. (ed.). Hydrology and hydrobiology in the Fynbos biome. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Occ. Rep. 26. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
O'KEEFFE, J.H., J.M. KING, J.A. DAY, O. ROSSOUW, D.W. VAN DER ZEL & R. SKOROSZEWSKI. 1989. General concepts and approaches to instream flow assessment. pp 41-56. In: Ferrar, A.A. (ed.). Ecological flow requirements of South African rivers. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Rep. 162. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
KING, J.M., F.C. DE MOOR, A. BOTHA & A. COETZER. 1989. Water quantity requirements of invertebrates, macrophytes and other mesobiota. In: Ferrar, A.A. (ed.). Ecological flow requirements of South African rivers. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Rep. 162. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. & J.H. O'KEEFFE. 1989. Looking to the future - South Africa's requirements. In: Ferrar, A.A. (ed.). Ecological flow requirements of South African rivers. S. Afr. Nat. Sci. Prog. Rep. 162. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. 1992. Proposals of methodologies for determining the instream flow requirements of the river. pp 8-10. In: King, J.M. (compiler). Instream flow requirements of the Lephalala River. Workshop held at Lapalala Wilderness Area, 23-26 February 1992. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria.
KING, J.M., J.H. O’KEEFFE, S. POLLARD, R.E. THARME & D. WEEKS. 1993. Assessment of environmental water requirements for selected South African rivers: problems and possible approaches. Report on a visit by Dr Robert Milhous. January 1993. Report to the Water Research Commission.
KING, J.M., R.E. THARME, C. BRUWER & D. LOUW. 1993. Explanation of the Building Block Methodology. Appendix 4.6, 11 pp. In: Olifants River (Rosendal Dam) Instream. Flow Requirements Worksession, 24-26 August 1993. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria.
THARME, R.E. & J.M. KING. 1994. Post-worksession assessment of the instream flow requirements recommended during the worksession. pp 98-112. In: Tharme, R.E. (compiler). Instream flow requirements: Olifants River (Western Cape) upstream of Clanwilliam Dam. Worksession 24-26 August 1993. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria.
KING, J.M., C.BRUWER, W. ROWLSTON & R. THARME. 1994. Approach to Instream Flow Requirements during this worksession: the Building Block Methodology II. 16 pp. In: Luvuvhu Instream Flow Requirements. Workshop held at Mountain View, 26-28 July 1994. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria.
KING, J.M., R.E. THARME, C. BRUWER & D. LOUW. 1994. Approach to Instream Flow Requirements during this worksession: explanation of the Building Block Methodology. Appendix 3.12, 11 pp. In: Letaba Instream Flow requirements worksession. Workshop held at Die Eiland, 6-9 June 1994. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. & D. LOUW. 1995. Assessment of the instream flow requirements of rivers, using the Building Block Methodology. Standard paper in starter documents for all Instream Flow Requirement (IFR) workshops organised by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
KING, J.M. 1995. Why instream flow assessments are important. Standard paper in Proceedings of all Instream Flow Requirement (IFR) workshops organised by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
KING, J.M. 1995. Comparing the IFR process and the KNPRRP decision support system. Internal discussion document for South African community of river scientists. 4 pp.
KING, J.M. 1996. Quantifying the amount of water required for maintenance of aquatic ecosystems. Discussion document written for the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry for policy development culminating in the new Water Law.
MACKAY, H.M., C.J. KLEYNHANS, S. JOOSTE, J.M. KING, C.G.PALMER. 1996. Water environment objectives. . Discussion document written for the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry for policy development culminating in the new Water Law.

SEMINARS; CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP PAPERS

International

KING, J.M, R.E. THARME & A.R. JOUBERT. 1991. An ecological perspective on river flow in South Africa. Foundation for Research Development manual for working tour of Australia by South African Water Scientists.
THARME, R.E. & J.M. KING. 1991. Application of the pre-PHABSIM component of the instream flow incremental methodology to a South African river. Foundation for Research Development manual for working tour of Australia by South African Water Scientists.
ARTHINGTON, A.H., J.M. KING, J.H. O'KEEFFE, S.E. BUNN, J.A. DAY, B.J. BLUHORN & R.E. THARME. 1992. Development of an holistic approach for assessing environmental flow requirements of riverine ecosystems. Water allocation for the environment. Proceedings of an International Seminar and Workshop, Centre for Water Policy research, University of New ENgland, Armidale, Australia.
O'KEEFFE, J.H., J.M. KING & S. EEKHOUT. 1994. The characteristics and purposes of river classification. In: Uys, M.C. (compiler). Classification of rivers, and environmental health indicators. Joint South African/Australian workshop. February 7-11 1994, Cape Town, South Africa. Water Research Commission, Pretoria.
KING, J. & R. THARME. (in press). Application of the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology. Proceedings of a National River Health Workshop on Environmental Flow Techniques. Cooma, Australia.
KING, J. & D. LOUW. (in press). Development and use of the Building Block Methodology for assessing instream flow requirements in South Africa. Proceedings of a National River Health Workshop on Environmental Flow Techniques. Cooma, Australia.
KING, J.M. 1996. Report on the third national river bioassessment workshop, Canberra, Australia. Report to the National Co-ordinating Committee of the National Aquatic Ecosystem Biomonitoring Programme.
KING, J.M. 2000. The Lesotho Highlands Water Project. Proceedings of the Third International River Management Symposium, Brisbane, Australia.
KING, J.M. 2001. Hydrological data needs for the study and management of river ecosystems. Sixth Scientific Assembly, Maastricht, Netherlands.
KING, J.M. 2003. Environmental flows: hydrologically definable, ecologically vital. Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium of Engineers Australia, Australia.
KING, J.M. 2004. Environmental flows: striking the balance between development and resource protection. Invited paper. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Riverine Landscapes. Bredsel, Sweden, August 2004.
KING, J.M. 2004. Environmental flows for fluvial maintenance and conservation. Keynote address. Proceedings of the Fifth International Ecohydraulics Symposium. Madrid Spain, September 2004.
KING, J.M. 2005. Integrated flow management: the key to sustainable development. International Symposium on Ecological Engineering and Hydro Science. Taipei, Taiwan.
KING, J.M. 2006. A practical holistic approach to integrated flow management in Africa and SE Asia. Technical Workshop on environmental flow assessments; San Jose, Costa Rica. 26 July 2006.
KING, J.M. 2006. Sharing experiences in integrated water management from Africa and SE Asia. Workshop: Uses of water in the Terraba River Basin, Costa Rica. 31 July 2006.
KING, J.M. 2006. River ecology, development and rehabilitation. Workshop: Ecology and restoration of riverine ecosystems, UNA, Costa Rica. 1 August 2006.
KING, J.M. 2006. Ecological flows as a tool to promote multi-purpose water management. Workshop: Multipurpose management of hydric resources, Costa Rica. 1 August 2006.
KING, J.M. 2006. An introduction to Environmental Flows: concepts and definitions. Environmental Flows Workshop, Guatemala City. 2-4 August 2006
KING, J.M. 2006. Early Flow Assessment methods. Environmental Flows Workshop, Guatemala City. 2-4 August 2006.
KING, J.M. 2006. Holistic methodologies. Environmental Flows Workshop, Guatemala City. 2-4 August 2006.
KING, J.M. 2006. Costs and benefits in basin planning and management. Senate sponsored water-policy round table discussion, Tucson, Arizona, USA. 9 August 2006.
KING, J.M. 2006. Wounded rivers, thirsty land: striking the balance between resource protection and development. Public Lecture, Arizona State University, Tucson, Arizona, USA. 9 August 2006.
KING, J.M.2007. Drawing on global experience for development of the Mekong Method for Integrated Flow Assessments. Mekong River Commission Technical Meeting with riparian countries, Chiang Mai, Thailand. January 2007.
KING, J.M.2007. Predicting development-driven change for the Mekong River and its people. 10th River Symposium/International Conference on Environmental Flows. Brisbane, Australia. September 2007.
KING, J.M.2016. Environmental Flows: all dressed up with somewhere to go. 19th International River Symposium. September 2016. New Delhi, India

National

SILBERBAUER, M.J. & J.M. KING. 1989. Wetlands of the south-western Cape: GIS on a shoestring. International Symposium on Geographical Information Systems. Institute for Natural Resources, Pietermaritzburg.
GORE, J.A. & J.M. KING. 1989. Application of the revised physical habitat simulation (PHABSIM II) to minimum flow evaluations of South African rivers. In: Kienzle, S & Maarens, H. (eds). Fourth South African National Committee for the International Association of Hydrological Sciences Symposium, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. & W.R. ROWLSTON. 1991. Modelling river flow: differences between engineering and environmental hydraulic models. Fifth National Hydrological Symposium, Stellenbosch.
KING, J.M. & R.E. THARME. 1993. River ecologists need hydrological information for assessing environmental water allocations, but what form should it take and why? In: Lorentz, S.A., Kienzle, S.W. & Dent, M.C. (eds). Sixth National Hydrological Symposium, Pietermaritzburg.
MIDDLETON, B.J. & KING, J.M. 1993. Modelling the effect of ecological releases on water-resource development. In: Lorentz, S.A., Kienzle, S.W. & Dent, M.C. (eds). Sixth National Hydrological Symposium, Pietermaritzburg.
KING, J.M., A. GORGENS & J. HOLLANDS. 1995. In search of ecologically relevant flows in Western Cape streams. Seventh National Hydrological Symposium, Grahamstown.
KING, J.M. 1995. The effects of soil erosion on riverine ecosystems. WRC workshop on The Interrelationship between Soil Erosion, Sediment Transport and the Living Environment. Pretoria.
MIDDLETON, B. & J. M. KING. 1996. Application of the Building Block Methodology for assessing the instream flow requirement for the Koekedouw River: a case study. Second Environmental Management, Technology and Development Conference. Pretoria.
KING, J.M. 1999. Sustainable use of aquatic ecosystems: maintaining the science-management link. Ninth South African Hydrology Symposium, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

 Working groups

THARME, R.E. & J.M. KING. 1993. Benthic macroinvertebrates of the upper reaches of the Olifants River: Comments on their current status and ecological flow requirements. Appendix 4.3, 18 pp. In: Olifants River (Rosendal Dam) Instream Flow Requirements Worksession, 24-26 August 1993. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria.
THARME, R.E. & J.M. KING. 1993. IFIM/PHABSIM II: Information on flow requirements for the Olifants River. Appendix 4.5, 18 pp. In: Olifants River (Rosendal Dam) Instream Flow Requirements Worksession, 24-26 August 1993. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. 1995. Critical assessment of the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology. WRC workshop on The Hydraulics of Physical Biotopes: Terminology, Inventory and Calibration (ed. K. Rowntree). Citrusdal.
KING, J.M. 1995. The use of hydraulic modelling of physical biotopes in South African instream flow assessments. WRC workshop on The Hydraulics of Physical Biotopes: Terminology, Inventory and Calibration (ed. K. Rowntree). Citrusdal.

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

KING, J.M. & S. GRINDLEY. 1982. A preliminary report of the past and present ecological status of the Hout Bay River. Report to the Department of Environment Affairs.
GORE, J.A., J.B. LAYZER & J.M. KING. 1989. Workshop to transfer knowledge of the instream flow incremental methodology to Kruger National Park staff. Report to Foundation for Research Development/Kruger National Park, August 1989.
KING, J.M. 1990. Attendance at an international conference and a study tour in the United Kingdom. Report to the Water Research Commission
KING, J.M. 1995. Trip to Australia, June - July 1995. Report to the Water Research Commission, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. 1996. Australian National River Health Program (Monitoring River Health Initiative: Report on the third national river bioassessment workshop, Canberra, October 1996. Report to the Institute of Water Quality Studies, DWAF.

ORAL PRESENTATIONS (WITH ABSTRACTS) AT SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS (Incomplete record)

International

KING, J.M. 1990. Alternative ways of classifying rivers in South Africa. International conference on River Conservation and Management, Univeristy of York, U.K.
KING, J.M. 1995. Environmental Flows and River Classification in South Africa. Decision Support Systems workshop, CSIR, Canberra, Australia.
KING, J.M. 1995. Integrating ecology and hydrology in South African instream flow assessments. Queensland Hydrology Symposium, Brisbane, Australia. Received Best Paper award.
KING, J.M., D.M. SCHAEL & C.A.BROWN. 1999. Environmental flow assessments for the Lesotho Highlands water Project: incorporating hydraulic-habitat data. Third International Ecohydraulics Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
KING, J.M. 1998. Sustainable use of rivers. Two-day workshop run in Taiwan for the Taiwan Provincial Government, water Resources Bureau.
KING, J.M. 1999. Environmental flows for semi-arid regions. Assessments methods, issues and pre-requisites for implementation. Full-day workshop run in Lisbon, Portugal for the Instituto da Agua, Ministerio do Ambiente.

National

KING, J.M., M. SILBERBAUER & J. DAY. 1990. Classification of South African wetlands - where to next. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference on Aquatic Ecosystems. Bloemfontein.
KING, J.M. & M. SILBERBAUER. 1990. Classification of freshwater wetlands. Sixteenth annaul congress of the South African Association of Botanists. Grahamstown.
KING, J.M. 1992. Water quantity requirements for the Sabie River - a biologist’s perspective. Sabie River workshop. Skukuza, Kruger National Park.
KING, J.M. 1993. An ecological perspective of river flow. Two-day WRC-funded seminar on Ecohydrology and Low-flow Hydrology. Pretoria.
KING, J.M. & R. THARME. 1993. Instream flow requirements - assessment of the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference on Aquatic Ecosystems. Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg.
THARME, R.E. & J.M. KING. 1993. Assessing ecological flow requirements of benthic invertebrates using the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) - the Olifants River as a testing ground. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference on Aquatic Ecosystems. Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg.
KING, J.M., C. BRUWER, D. LOUW & R. THARME. 1993. Flow requirements for rivers: the bigger picture. Kruger National Park Rivers Research Programme symposium. Pretoria.
KING, J.M. & J. DAY. 1994. The water quantity and water quality requirements of riverine ecosystems. Trout Workshop ‘94. DWAF and the Federation of Southern African Flyfishers. Pretoria.
MIDDLETON, B. & J.M. KING. 1994. Managing the riverine environment downstream of a water resource development. Symposium: Fifty Years of Water Engineering in South Africa. Johannesburg.
CAMBRAY, J.A. & KING, J.M. 1994. Clanwilliam Dam experimental releases to trigger the Clanwilliam yellowfish (Barbus capensis) to spawn in the Olifants River, Western Cape. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference on Aquatic Ecosystems - Ecology, Conservation and Management. Port Elizabeth.
KING, J.M. & D. LOUW. 1996. Assessment of instream flow requirements for regulated rivers in South Africa using the Building Block Methodology. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference on Aquatic Ecosystems. Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.
RACTLIFFE, S.G. & J.M. KING. 1996. Beyond impact assessment - a case study of river management. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference on Aquatic Ecosystems. Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.
KING, J.M. ,D. SCHAEL & K. ROWNTREE. 1997. Exploring the links between geomorphological and biological river data, at scales from catchment to hydraulic biotope. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference on Aquatic Ecosystems. Mtunzini, KwaZulu-Natal.
KING, J.M., D. SCHAEL & C.A. BROWN. 1999. Environmental flow assessments for the Lesotho Highlands water Project: incorporating hydraulic-habitat data. Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference. Namibia. (Presented by C. Brown).
C.A. BROWN & J.M. KING. 1999. Downstream Response to Imposed Flow Transformations (DRIFT). Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference. Namibia.
SCHAEL, D. & KING, J. 2003. Catchment signatures: is every river different? Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists Annual Conference. Cape Town.

ARTICLES IN POPULAR PRESS

KING, J.M. 1978. The Eerste River. African Wildlife 32: 34-36.
KING, J.M. 1984. From rivers of shame to rivers of pride. Wildlife Soc. Sth. Afr. Newsletter, July 1984.
KING, J.M. 1986. Getting the Cape’s trout rumpus into perspective. Cape Argus, 1 March.
KING, J.M. 1993. IFIM; PHABSIM II; KNPRRP; ROIP; IFA: what are they and what are the links between them? River News No. 4. KNPRRP Secretariat, Pretoria.
KING, J.M. 1995. Report on research trip to Australia. River News. Kruger National Park Rivers Research Programme.
KING, J.M. 1995. Australian interest in new South African technology. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry internal newsletter.
KING, J.M. 1996. Kan ons die seldame Geelvis red? Blomme & Bokkoms. February 1996
KING, J.M. 1996. Broeiprobleme van die Geelvis word bekyk. Blomme & Bokkoms, March 1996.

CONSULTANCY REPORTS

International

KING, J. & Brown, C. 1999. Aquatic habitat mapping. Consulting Services for the establishment and monitoring of the instream flow requirements for river courses downstream of LHWP dams. Report 12 in a series of 23 specialist reports. Lesotho Highlands Development Authority.
KING, J.M., H. SABET, C. BROWN AND S. HIRST. 2000. Final Report: summary of main findings. Consulting Services for the establishment and monitoring of the instream flow requirements for river courses downstream of LHWP dams. Project managers’ summary of 23 individual specialist reports. Lesotho Highlands Development Authority.
KING, J.M. 2001-2003. Six reports on advisory visits to the Mekong River Commission for the World Bank Environmental Flows Window. World Bank Washington, U.S.A.

National

KING, J.M. 1987. Siting of the new N1 freeway through Du Toits Kloof: impacts upon the rivers. Hill, Kaplan, Scott and Partners, Consulting Engineers, Cape Town.
KING, J.M. & M.J. SILBERBAUER. 1987. The Agulhas vleis: siting of the proposed nuclear power station. Eskom.
KING, J.M. 1988. The Blinde River: an assessment of the likely effects of discharging waste waters from the planned Mossel Bay Oil Refinery. Hill, Kaplan & Scott Consulting Engineers, Durban.
KING, J.M. & M.J. SILBERBAUER. 1988. The Agulhas wetlands: second site-specific assessment of proposed sites for new nulear power plant. Eskom.
KING, J.M. 1988. The Gouriqua wetlands: their conservation status. Atomic Energy Corporation.
KING, J.M., R.P. BALLY & M.J. SILBERBAUER. 1989. Assessment of the likely effects of discharging treated sewage effluent into Hermanus Lagoon. Hermanus Municipality.
KING, J.M., J.A. DAY & E. McDAID. 1991. Investigation of the impact of the proposed raod on the lower reaches of the Silvermine River and on the wetlands in proximity to the road. Hill, Kaplan & Scott Consulting Engineers, Cape Town.
KING, J.M. 1992. Instream flow requirements of the Lephalala River. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
KING, J.M., C.A. BROWN & S.G. RACTLIFFE. 1995. Molenaars River, south-western Cape: bulk water estimate for environmental maintenance. Ninham Shand Consulting Engineers, Cape Town.
BROWN, C.A. & J.M. KING. 1995. Rondeberg Farm, west coast, Western Cape Province: a preliminary assessment of the wetland ecosystems and the Dwars River; recommendations for development options. P.D. Toens & Associates.
BROWN, C.A. & J.M. KING. 1995. Rein’s Nature Reserve, south coast, Western Cape Province: a preliminary assessment of the wetland ecosystems. Dennis Moss & Associates.
BROWN, C.A., S. EEKHOUT & J.M. KING. 1996. Proceedings of the spatial framework workshop. Report 2 of the National Aquatic Ecosystem Biomonitoring Programme, DWAF.
EEKHOUT, S., C.A. BROWN & J.M.KING. 1996. Technical considerations and protocol for the selection of reference and monitoring sites. Report 3 of the National Aquatic Ecosystem Biomonitoring Programme, DWAF
RACTLIFFE, S.G. & J.M. KING. 1997. Bulk water estimate of the instream flow requirements for the Malibamatso River, Lesotho. Technical Memo No. 1013/D10A/00, Matsoku Diversion partnership.
BROWN, C.A. & J.M. KING. 1997. Bulk water estimate of the instream flow requirements for the Elands River and Gladdespruit. Steffen, Robertson & Kirsten Consulting Engineers.
BROWN, C.A., E. DAY & J.M. KING. 1997. Van Oudtshoorn Farm development: Hout Bay River. Plan Trust Developments.
KING, J.M. & C.A. BROWN. 1997. The Olifants-Doring Basin study. Volume 3. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
E. DAY & J.M. KING. 1998. The Khayelitsha Wetlands study. Ninham Shand Consulting Engineers.
BROWN, C.A. and KING, J.M. 2002. Breede River Basin Study: DRIFT application. Report to the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. 66 pp.

Bio sketch: Dr Jackie King, Water Matters, Cape Town, South Africa

Jackie King is an aquatic ecologist who was a researcher, lecturer and supervisor of postgraduates at the University of Cape Town for almost four decades. She now owns and runs Water Matters, a water-resource consultancy specialising in the science of integrated flow management (instream flows; environmental flows) of rivers, and is an internationally-recognised leader in the field.

She believes that the social and ecological consequences of the development of river systems should be addressed at the same level as engineering and economic aspects, so that decision-makers can assess the full spectrum of costs and benefits before making a development decision. In the 1990s she led the early development of methods to do this in South Africa, which resulted in flows for river maintenance being included in the country’s 1998 National Water Act: South Africa’s Minister of Water Affairs and this Act won the Stockholm Water Prize in 2000. In 1997, she led the flow assessment for the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, which resulted in the first recorded recognition globally of the rights of downstream communities to compensation for declining river health. She was global Team Leader of the World Bank advisory group on environmental flows from 2000-2003, and resigned from that position to take up one as a scientific consultant on integrated flow management to the Mekong River Commission. Since 1997 she has also led scientific teams working on environmental flows and river system management for the Pungwe River, Zimbabwe; parts of the Zambezi Basin (Kafue and Luangwa); the Pangani Basin, Tanzania; the Okavango River system (Angola, Namibia, Botswana); and the headwaters of the Indus River system in Pakistan. She has been contracted to do work of a similar nature for the World Commission on Dams, World Bank, IUCN, WWF, and has worked in Taiwan, Ethiopia, Costa Rica, USA, Guatemala, Australia, Mozambique, and the UK. From 2009 to 2014 she acted as scientific advisor to the Government of Pakistan in a dispute with India over the Kishenganga Dam in the Himalayas, and in this respect served as an expert witness at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague in August 2012. In 2012 she completed for WWF a plan for setting and implementing Environmental Flows for the entire Zambezi Basin, and between 2013 and 2018 worked with WWF-Zambia and the Zambian government on aspects of flow management of two parts of this system: the Kafue and Luangwa tributaries of the Zambezi.In 2010 she was first editor and an author of the book Sustainable use of South Africa’s inland waters, which records South Africa’s moves to provide environmental protection measures for aquatic ecosystems. In 2014 she was lead author of the article Hydropower and the river for the Asian Development Bank which is presently being prepared for publication in Development Asia, the ADB-led online knowledge platform. In 2016 she wrote, as part of a team of four, a Good Practice Handbook for World Bank project managers worldwide dealing with downstream releases linked to proposals for hydropower dams. She was also the Ecological Lead in a World-Bank funded Multi-sectoral Investment Opportunities Assessment of the Okavango River Basin in 2016, for the DFID-funded project on Climate Resilience Development Pathways for the Okavango Basin in 2017, and the EU-funded project Technical Assistance for Transboundary Water Management of the Okavango River Basin (2018/19).She frequently speaks as a keynote or invited speaker at international conferences, and has more than 100 refereed items in books, international journals and conference proceedings. Her work in South Africa was recognised in the 1990s with a Silver Medal from the Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists and in 2003 through the government awarding her the national Women in Water Award in the research category. In 2010 she was appointed an inaugural member of the National Water Advisory Council to advise the South African Minister of Water Affairs. In 2012 she was appointed Extraordinary Professor at the University of the Western Cape, Cape Town. In 2016 she received the Gold Medal of the Southern African Society of Aquatic Scientists and was the 2016 recipient of WWF-SA’s Living Planet Award. In 2018 she was elected an International Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS). She has been chosen as the 2019 Laureate for the Stockholm Water Prize.She presently serves on the Board of Directors of WWF-SA and the Research Advisory Panel of South Africa’s Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. She serves as a Senior Scientific Advisor to the International Crane Foundation and as a member of AAAS’s global project Water Security in a Changing Climate. She is a South African National Parks Honorary Ranger, serving on the Regional Committee for the Table Mountain National Park region and holding the Training portfolio.

www.jackieking.co.za
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