Company Profile and Areas of Expertise

SOUTHERN WATERS ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND CONSULTANCY CC.

Registration Number: 95/011117/23
P.O. Box 12414
Mill Street, 8010
Cape Town
South Africa

www.southernwaters.co.za
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Mission Statement
To provide specialist expertise and advice on issues pertaining to the sustainable utilisation of freshwater ecosystems with particular focus on integrated flow management


COMPANY STRUCTURE
Southern Waters aims to provide a service to public and private organisations in advising on the sustainable management of inland and coastal aquatic systems.  At the same time, its members contribute to the body of fundamental knowledge on the structure and functioning of these ecosystems, and Southern Waters has retained a research and teaching component through its direct links with an academic institution.

Southern Waters is a Closed Corporation.  The company was formed in 1995.  

Principal consultants:
Dr Cate Brown
Dr Alison Joubert
Dr Karl Reinecke

Principal associates:
Dr Jackie King

Students:
Ms Rozwi Magoba – PhD

Support:
Ms Ros Townsend
Ms Elizabeth Mpu.

Affirmative action policy:
70% of the staff members at Southern Waters are HDIs.
The ownership of Southern Waters is 100% HDI.

SUMMARY OF PROJECT EXPERIENCE
Southern Waters focuses on freshwater ecosystems and, as such, has a wealth of knowledge on the nature, condition, functioning and management of rivers and other inland waters, both in southern Africa and abroad.

Southern Waters embodies the following aspects that are considered to be of direct benefit to the successful execution of projects in their area of expertise:

  1. Project management experience in major water-resource projects, in particular large environmental flows assessments and implementation and integrated flow assessments and decision-making, including Mekong River Commission, environmental flow components of Integrated Basin Flow Management.
  2. In-house staffing by experienced ecologists, many of whom have been instrumental in formulating key monitoring procedures for river assessment in South Africa (e.g., the DRIFT Methodology, Building Block Methodology, design and management of the River Health Programme (RHP) Database and the Reference Condition protocols for the RHP);
  3. Participation as the environmental flow consultant to the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, which included the development of a major post-construction Monitoring Programme;
  4. Participation as the environmental flow consultant for the Pangani Basin Flow Assessment in Tanzania;
  5. Participation as the integrated flow consultant for the Okavango Basin Flow Assessment in Tanzania;
  6. Long-standing involvement with developmental actions associated with the southern African rivers, in particular water-resource developments and environmental flows;
  7. Experience as lead consultant or participant in the assessment and monitoring of river and wetland systems across the length and breadth of southern Africa, including Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe;
  8. Experience in the preparation of flow management plans and for rivers, and related aspects of Integrated Water Resource Management.
  9. Experience as lead external consultant in environmental flow planning activities of the Mekong River Commission, South East Asia;
  10. Experience gained on Resource Economics through studies on several major southern African systems, such as the Olifants, Senqu and Zambezi Rivers;
  11. Formal and long-standing working associations with the full range of disciplines that will be required for any project related to our field of endeavour.

A list of a few of the projects in which Southern Waters has been involved is provided as an appendix to this document.

AREAS OF COMPETENCY

  • Integrated flow management, including Environmental Flow Requirements for riverine ecosystems
  • Coordination and management of large multi-disciplinary environmental flow projects, and synchronisation of the outputs
  • State of Environment Reporting
  • Identification and measurement of indicators of environmental sustainability
  • Environmental Impact Assessment and Integrated Environmental Management
  • Development and Management Plans for environmental areas
  • Resource economic studies involving a range of natural systems
  • Environmental Management Systems
  • Monitoring of environmental compliance
  • Professional review of the above.

AVAILABILITY
Long-term availability:    Southern Waters is available for projects in the next 6, 12 months or longer, subject to the nature of the project, the amount of notice given prior to the commencement of the project, and the current level of commitment of Southern Waters’ staff to existing projects.

Availability at short notice:    Southern Waters is usually available at short notice for small projects, such as professional reviews, environmental communications, etc.  Availability for larger projects is subject to current time commitments.  

CLIENTS
Southern Waters’ clients include:

  • WorldBank
  • Lesotho Highlands Development Authority
  • Mekong River Commission
  • WorldFish
  • IUCN
  • South African Department of Water Affairs (DWA)
  • KOBWA
  • Water Research Commission
  • Environmental Resources Management (ERM)
  • South African Department of Agriculture
  • Namibian Department of Water Affairs
  • Gabinete do Plano de Desenvolvimento da Região do Zambeze (GPZ)
  • SIDA
  • City of Cape Town
  • International Water Management Institute
  • International Crane Foundation
  • SMEC International
  • Sudanese Dam Implementation Unit
  • CapeNature
  • WWF
  • UN: FAO
  • Cape Action for People and the Environment (CAPE)
  • SWECO
  • UNESCO
  • Halcrow (UK)

INSURANCE
Southern Waters carries Professional Indemnity Insurance backed by Lloyds of London.

COMPANY CONTACT DETAILS
Contact person:    Ms R. Townsend
Address:    Box 12414
                  Mill Street, 8010
                  Cape Town
Phone:     021-797 0114
Fax:         021-797 8213
Email:    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

CONTACTABLE REFERENCES

Dr S. Mitchell
Water Research Commission
Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
P.O. Box 824
Pretoria
0001

Dr Peter Watson
PLW Development Solutions
The Old Cottage, Breadcroft Lane
Littlewick Green, SL6 3QF, UK
Phone:    +44-1628 829 625
Fax:    +44-1628 820126
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APPENDIX:  SHORT-LIST OF RECENT SOUTHERN WATERS PROJECTS
CLASSIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Contract:        C.A.P.E Olifants-Doring catchment Management Agency Project
Client:            CAPE ERI/Ninham Shand
Consultants:   C Brown, A. Joubert, R. Magoba
Reports:         CMS water-resource protection sub-strategy and input for the ISP of the Olifants Doorn Water Management Area (WMA)

Contract:        South African National Water Resources Classification System
Client:            Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Consultants:    C Brown, A Joubert

Reports:

1.     A draft position paper on the development of a water resource classification system (WRCS).
2.    Ecological, hydrological and water quality guidelines for the 7-step Classification Procedure
3.    Class definitions for gazetting.

Contract:    DRIFT Manual
Client:    Water Research Commission
Consultants:    C Brown, A. Joubert, C. Pemberton, J. King
Reports:    DRIFT Manual and related software.

INDIRECT USE ASSESSMENTS

Contract:    Intangible Resource Losses and Gains in Phase 1 Areas of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project
Client:    Lesotho Highlands Development Authority
Consultants:    C Brown

TRAINING, ADVOCACY AND DECISION-MAKING

Contract:    CAPACITY BUILDING FOR THE OLIFANTS-DORING CATCHMENT
Client:    CAPE ERI
Consultants:    C. Brown, A. Joubert, R. Magoba – with M. Driver of SANBI
Actions:    WRCS CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP: The workshop catered for c. 35 participants. One-day technical training workshop on the WRCS.  Topics included: Introduction to the WRCS; Legal basis for WRCS; Guiding principles of the WRCS; Management Class and sustainablility configurations; Integration of economic, social and ecological goals management class; The envisaged Classification Procedure; Information requirements for the WRCS, including for biodiversity protection; Evaluation of scenarios with stakeholders; Estimated timeframes for the Classification Procedure; Possible pitfalls and short-comings.

Contract:    Zambezi Delta – Environmental Flows, Mozambique
Client:    Save the Cranes Foundation
Consultants:    C. Brown, A. Joubert.
Actions:    ADVOCACY AND SCENARIO ANALYSIS PROJECT: Facilitation and specialist advice to the determinations of the environmental flows for the Zambezi Delta to promote informed discussions among stakeholders in the region.  To promote ecologically sustainable methods for improving living standards and rehabilitating the Zambezi Delta while maintaining hydropower output from Cahora Bassa Dam, we combined data and knowledge from a range of biophysical, social, and economic disciplines. We modeled the effect of specified flow changes on key ecosystem components and on hydropower outputs, and produced flow-related scenarios for managers to consider.

Contract:    Pangani River Basin EF Study
Client:    IUCN
Consultants:    J. King, C. Brown, A. Joubert.
Actions:    Generate baseline data of the condition of the Pangani River system; enhance the understanding among Pangani Basin Water Office of the relationship between flow, river health and the people who use the river; create an awareness of the trade-offs between water development and natural-resource protection that need to be made in water allocation; develop tools to help guide flow management and water allocations in the Pangani Basin; build capacity that will enable PWBO to act as a nucleus of expertise for FA-related work in other areas.

Contract:    Mekong River Environmental Flows Initiative, SE Asia
Client:    World Bank EF Window
Consultants:    J. King.
Actions:    Advise on environmental flows for the Mekong River Commission.

Contract:    SIDA Transboundary Training Course, Swaziland
Client:    SIDA
Consultants:    C. Brown, R. Magoba
Actions:    Environmental Flow Requirements training sessions.


ENVIRONMENTAL FLOW ASSESSMENTS

Contract:    Okavango River – Integrated Flow Assessment
Client:    FAO: UN
Consultants:    C. Brown, A. Joubert.
Actions:    Collate biophysical and social information for the basin into a integrated flow assessment tool, which will allow for the generation of future scenarios of water use and the implications for the rivers, delta and local people for use in water-related decision-making.

Contract:    Zambezi River
Client:    Subcontracted to ERM: ERM’s Client: Riversdale Mining
Consultants:    C. Brown, A. Joubert, K. Reinecke.
Actions:    Determine implications for the lower Zambezi River of flow change as a result of a proposed dredging of the channel for barging.

Contract:    Cunene River
Client:    Subcontracted to ERM: ERM’s Client: NamPower and Angola Ministry of Energy
Consultants:    C. Brown, A. Joubert, K. Reinecke.
Actions:    Determine implications for the Cunene of flow change as a result of a proposed hydropower dam at Baynes Gorge.

Contract:    Nile River
Client:    Sudanese DIU/SMEC International
Consultants:    C. Brown, R. Magoba, A. Joubert, K. Reinecke, M. Rountree.
Actions:    Determine implications for the Nile of flow change as a result of three proposed hydropower dams on the mainstem Nile River.

Contract:    Outeniqua Ecological Reserve Determinations for the Groot Brak and associated systems
Client:    DWAF RDM
Consultants:    C. Brown, R. Magoba, A. Joubert, M. Rountree.
        CSIR (Estuary); AGES (Groundwater)
Actions:    Determine environmental water requirements for the Groot Brak, Moordkuils, Moerass, Maalgate, Malgas, Gwaing, Silver, Swart, Kaaimans and Goukamma Rivers.

Contract:    Metolong Dam Environmental Flow Assessment, Lesotho
Client:    SMEC International/Lesotho Lowlands Development Authority
Consultants:    C. Brown, R. Magoba.
Actions:    Determine environmental flow requirements for the Phuthiatsana River.

Contract:    Mekong River Environmental Flows Initiative, SE Asia
Client:    Mekong River Commission
Consultants:    J. King, C. Brown, A. Joubert.
Actions:    Implementation of environmental flow studies and planning for the Mekong River Commission.

Contract:    Palmiet River – Catchment Management Plan and Instream Flow Requirements (IFR), including considerations for operation of Koeglberg and Rockview Dam Hydropower facilities.
Client:    Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Consultants:    C. Brown, E. Day

Contract:    Lesotho Highlands Water Project – Instream Flow Studies: PHASE 1 AND 2
Client:    Lesotho Highlands Development Authority
JV:         Metsi Consultants – JV between Southern Waters and SMEC International, Australia
Consultants:    J. King, C. Brown, R. Tharme, E. Day.
Actions:    Determine instream flow requirements, for all the rivers downstream of LHWP dams.

Contract:    Lesotho Highlands Water Project – Instream Flow Studies: PHASE 1 ONLY
Client:    Lesotho Highlands Development Authority
JV:         Metsi Consultants – JV between Southern Waters and SMEC International, Australia
Consultants:    C. Brown, J. King.
Actions:    Develop scenarios for the determination of instream flow requirements for rivers downstream of PHASE 1 LHWP dams.

Contract:    Lesotho Highlands Water Project – Contributions towards an IFR Policy
Client:    Lesotho Highlands Development Authority
JV:         Metsi Consultants – JV between Southern Waters and SMEC International, Australia
Consultants:    C. Brown, J. King.
Actions:    Contributed additional analysis and information towards the development of an IFR Policy for LHWP Phase 1 structures. Identification of environmental descriptors/indicators to be used in a long-term monitoring programme of ecological change, determination of an optimum distribution for 10% of the natural MAR released from Katse Dam and development of a river condition classification scheme and location of the chosen scenarios within this classification.

Contract:    Breede River Basin Study, Western Cape, South Africa
Client:    Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Consultants:    C. Brown, W. Harding.
Actions:    Determine instream flow requirements, using the BBM, for six sites on the Breede River system.

Contract:    Breede River Basin Study – DUAL APPLICATION EXERCISE
Client:    Department of Water Affairs and Forestry and Water Research Commission
Consultants:    C. Brown, W. Harding, J. King.
Actions:    Determine instream flow requirements, using the DRIFT, for three sites on the Breede River system.

Contract:    Olifants/Doring River: Rapid Reserve Determination (Specialist consultant), Western Cape, South Africa
Client:    BKS for Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Consultants:    C. Brown
Actions:    Input to the determination of the instream flow requirements, using the rapid reserve method, for three sites on the Olifants Doring River systems.

Contract:    Lourens and Eerste River: CMC Integrated water resource planning study
Client:    CMC – GIBB and Ninham Shand
Consultants:    C. Brown; W. Harding.
Actions:    Determine instream flow requirements, using the rapid reserve method, for four sites on the Eerste and Lourens River systems.

Contract:    Olifants and Doring Rivers: Comprehensive Reserve Determinations, Western Cape, South Africa
Client:    D:RDM Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Consultants:    C. Brown, C. Pemberton, W. Harding, R. Magoba.
        CSIR (Esuary); GEOSS (Groundwater)
Actions:    Determine instream flow requirements, using a comprehensive method, for the Olifants and Doring Rivers.

SITUATION ASSESSMENTS

Contract:    Western Cape Reconciliation Study
Client:    City of Cape Town, Ninham Shand Consulting Engineers
Consultants:    C. Brown
Actions:    Plan future water supply for the City of Cape Town – environmental considerations and Reserve implimentation

Contract:    History of Cape Town’s River Systems
Client:    Water Research Commission
Consultants:    R. Magoba, C Brown

Contract:    Ecological assessments of (inter alia) the Lourens River, Molenaars River, Olifants River, Riversonderend, Eerste River, Wit River, Berg River, Breede River, etc.
Client:    Somerset West Town Council, DWAF, CSIR, etc.
Consultants:    Various.

Contract:    Ecological assessments of the Olifants/Doring Rivers.  Part of the Olifants/Doring Basin Study.
Client:    DWAF - BKS
Consultants:    C. Brown, J. King, E. Day, H. Dallas.

Contract:     CMC wastewater
Client:    Cape wastewater consultants
Consultants:    C. Brown, E. Day and J. Fowler
Actions:     Assessment of the ecological condition of rivers within the Cape Metropolitan Area that are affected by Waste Water Treatment facilities.

MONITORING

Contract:    Lesotho Highlands Water Project – IFR Monitoring Programme
Client:    Lesotho Highlands Development Authority
Consultants:    C. Pemberton, C. Brown.
Actions:    To ensure that LHDA’s biophysical monitoring programme is running smoothly, good quality data are collected and staff are trained in their respective roles.
Reports:    5 volumes, comprising biophysical and socio-economic studies related to the project.

Contract:     Monitoring of the Koekoedouw River during the Construction of the Greater Ceres Dam
Client:    Steffan Robertson and Kirsten
Consultants:    G. Ractliffe, C. Brown, E. Day.

Contract:     National Aquatic Ecosystem Biomonitoring Project (NAEBP) – CSIR Course
Client:    CSIR, Pretoria
Consultants:    H. Dallas
Actions:    Demonstration on the SASS4 for monitoring water quality in streams and rivers.

Contract:     National Aquatic Ecosystem Biomonitoring Project (NAEBP) – Mpumalanga Reference Conditions Project.
Client:    DWAF, IWQS
Consultants:    H. Dallas, J. Fowler
Actions:    Develop hypothetical reference conditions against which present day condition of other rivers can be assessed.  Develop a method that can be applied to all biomonitoring regions in SA.

Contract:    River Maintenance Manual of the Cape Metropole.
Client:    CMC.
Consultants:    W. Harding
Actions:    Audit of river maintenance activities on rivers in the CMA, including suggestions for reducing the environmental impact of such activities.

Contract:    Terms of Reference for the Berg River EF Monitoring Programme
Client:    Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Consultants:    W. Harding, C. Brown, R. Tharme.
Actions:    Development and drafting of a comprehensive TOR for monitoring of aquatic ecosystems associated with the Berg River.

REHABILITATION / WETLAND DESIGN AND CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT

Contract:    Bokramspruit River and rehabilitation
Client:    KAYAD Inc.
Consultants:    E. Day, C. Brown
Actions:    Recommendations for the rehabilitation of the Bokramspruit River, Kommetjie.

Contract:    Capricorn Science and Manufacturing Park – Artificial water features
Client:    Kantey & Templar Consulting Engineers
Consultants:    C. Brown, W. Harding
Actions:    Handbook for design and management of artificial water features.

Contract:    Lower Silvermine River – Flood detention facility and wetland
Client:    South Peninsula Municipality
Consultants:    W. Harding
Actions:    Artificial wetland design / identification of river conservation procedures.

Contract:    Zeekoevlei and Rondevlei Rehabilitation Study
Client:    South Peninsula Municipality
Consultants:    W. Harding
Actions:    Rehabilitation plan.

Contract:    Lourens River Flood Alleviation Study
Client:    Stewart Scott & Associates, Megan Anderson Landscape Architects and Crowther Campbell & Associates for Heldeberg Municipality
Consultants:    C. Brown
Actions:    Detailed comment on engineering proposals, leading to substantial changes to the proposals for channel manipulation and adoption of a river rehabilitation approach.

CONFERENCES, WORKSHOPS, REVIEWS, GUIDELINES AND TRAINING

Contract:    ENVIRO FLOWS 2002 – Working Conference in Cape Town March 2002
Client:    In house
Consultants:    J. King, C. Brown.
Actions:    Southern Waters planned, raised funds for, organised and held a 5-day Working Conference in Cape Town March 2002, which was attended by 350 delegates (>50% from outside of South Africa).

Contract:    Chair: World Bank Environmental Flows Window 2001-2003.
Client:    World Bank, Washington, USA
Consultants:    J. King and C. Brown
Actions:    Inter alia: World Bank representative to the Mekong River Commission. Promotion of the concept of Environmental Flows and assistance with developing an environmental flow policy for the Mekong River.

Contract:    Review of report for Queenslands Water Resource Planning (Murray-Darling Basins)
Client:    Queensland Government, Australia
Consultants:    J. King.
Actions:    Review of report for Queenslands Water Resource Planning (Murray-Darling Basins) and visit to discuss future options for resource management in Queensland.

Contract:    DRIFT in a South African context  
Client:    Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Consultants:    C. Brown
Actions:    Full day workshop on environmental flows and the DRIFT Methodology to Department of Water Affairs and Forestry personnel.

Contract:    World Bank Water Resources.  Best Practice Management Briefs
Client:    World Bank, Washington, USA
Consultants:    C. Brown and J. King.
Actions:    Southern Waters authored two Best Practice Management Briefs on Environmental Flows for the World Bank Series.

Contract:    Thematic Reviews – World Commission on Dams report series
Client:    World Commission on Dams
Consultants:    J. King., C. Brown and R. Tharme
Actions:    Southern Waters authored the Environmental Flow Requirements Thematic Review for the WCD Report Series.

Contract:    IUCN – Environmental Flows
Client:    IUCN
Consultants:    J. King, H. Dallas (with M. Acreman of HR Wallingford)
Actions:    Environmental Flow Requirements Series.

Event:    ENVIRO FLOWS 2007 –Conference linked to the River Symposium in Brisbane, Australia
Position:    Member of the Organising Committee
Consultants:    C. Brown.

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